Glucose is the official name for blood sugar, which is essential for keeping the body working optimally. The simplest of the carbohydrates, glucose is a monosaccharide, or simple sugar. Glucose is a major form of fuel for the body, but too much or too little can have devastating effects on your health. Here’s what you need to know about maintaining the proper glucose balance.
How the Body Processes Glucose
When you eat, enzymes in the body break down the food into carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and other nutrients. The carbohydrates you eat turn into glucose, which circulates in the blood. This triggers the pancreas to release insulin, which processes and regulates the glucose. The glucose that isn’t used for energy is stored in the body’s cells.
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body doesn’t make insulin, leading to dangerously high blood sugar levels. People with type 1 diabetes must inject insulin each day to keep glucose levels within the optimal range.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or doesn’t use the insulin properly, leading to insulin resistance. Because the cells don’t respond to insulin, insulin resistance means more sugar circulates in the blood.
Left untreated, diabetes can lead to serious health problems, including kidney, heart, blood vessel, nerve, and vision problems.
How to Monitor Your Blood Glucose Levels
People with diabetes must check their glucose levels daily. The most common way to test glucose is a simple blood test that you can use at home by pricking your finger with a small needle called a lancet. A small amount of blood is collected on a test strip, which is put into a meter that measures blood sugar levels in less than 20 seconds.
The healthy range of glucose is 90 to 130 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) before eating and less than 180 mg/dL an hour or two after eating.
If blood glucose levels fall below 70mg/dL, it’s known as hypoglycemia, and this can be very serious, possibly causing seizures, a loss of consciousness, or coma. Eating a meal, drinking some juice, or taking an over-the-counter glucose pill can raise the blood sugar back up to normal levels.
If you don’t have diabetes, you don’t need to monitor your blood glucose levels at home, but you should visit your doctor each year for your annual preventive screenings, which include a blood glucose test.
What Increases Glucose in the Blood and How to Lower It
A number of things can cause a spike in blood sugar levels. A heavy meal, a high level of stress, a lack of exercise, and skipping diabetes medications can trigger high blood sugar. Lowering it may require insulin, but other things can help you keep blood glucose levels under control, too. These include:
•Regular exercise, which increases insulin sensitivity and uses blood sugar for energy and muscle contraction.
•Lower carb intake, since the body breaks down carbs into sugars, mostly glucose.
•Increased fiber intake, since fiber slows carb digestion and the absorption of sugar.
•Drinking water, which prevents dehydration and promotes optimal kidney function to flush out excess blood sugar through urine.
•Controlling stress levels, since stress hormones like glucagon and cortisol increase blood sugar levels.
•Losing weight, since excess fat in the body reduces insulin sensitivity.
•Taking a supplement to support healthy glucose metabolism.
Nerveology Advanced Glucose Balance Can Help
With a blend of 20 botanicals and other nutrients proven to help maintain blood sugar levels, Nerveology’s Advanced Glucose Balance promotes the conversion of blood glucose into energy. Combined with a healthy diet and plenty of exercise, Advanced Glucose Balance can help prevent diabetes, and it can help those with diabetes maintain healthy blood sugar levels as part of a physician-prescribed daily regimen. If you’re concerned about your blood glucose levels due to a diet high in carbohydrates or a family history of diabetes, this daily supplement can offer peace of mind and a better chance of maintaining normal glucose levels.